I’m delighted to hear that the Justice Department is taking on efforts by many states to suppress the vote in the next election. Since the 2010 election, in which Republicans gained control of a number of statehouses and governorships, a dozen or more states have come up new voting restrictions. Eight of them, including Texas, Alabama, Kansas and Mississippi, imposed laws requiring photo I.D. cards in order to vote, ostensibly to prevent fraud at the ballot box. No longer acceptable are Social Security cards or other proofs of legal residence. What’s wrong with that? First, there’s scant evidence that there has been any serious voter fraud. The ominous specter of hordes of illegal immigrants descending upon the polling place has come up frequently, although there seem to be no known examples of this actually happening. Second, the people who lack driver’s licenses, the most common form of photo I.D.–minorities,the poor, the elderly–are much more likely to vote for Democrats. Beyond the photo identification rerstrictions, a number of states passed laws designed to make it more difficult for people with limited access to transportation or with inconvenient schedules–students, Blacks and Hispanics, the elderly–to cast a ballot. Florida, for example, restricted early voting, banning it on the Sunday before election day, a day Black churches traditionally get the vote out after services, and severely restricted voter registration periods. I’m surprised Alabama didn’t re-impose the poll tax to go with its anti-immigrant laws. Proving that these statutes are unconstitutional or violations of the Voting Rights Act isn’t easy, even when it’s obvious that they are nothing more than thinly veiled attempts to win at the polls by limiting the opposing vote rather than winning over the most voters. Let us hope that Mr. Holder pursues this issue aggressively, and in time to ensure a free and fair election in November.